Gastrointestinal Diseases NCLEX Review Questions Part 1

1.    Nurse Berlinda is assigned to a 41-year-old client who has a diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. The nurse reviews the laboratory result, anticipating a laboratory report that indicates a serum amylase level of:
a.    45 units/L
b.    100 units/L
c.    300 units/L
d.    500 units/L

2.    A male client who is recovering from surgery has been advanced from a clear liquid diet to a full liquid diet. The client is looking forward to the diet change because he has been “bored” with the clear liquid diet. The nurse would offer which full liquid item to the client?
a.    Tea
b.    Gelatin
c.    Custard
d.    Popsicle

3.    Nurse Juvy is caring for a client with cirrhosis of the liver. To minimize the effects of the disorder, the nurse teaches the client about foods that are high in thiamine. The nurse determines that the client has the best understanding of the dietary measures to follow if the client states an intension to increase the intake of:
a.    Pork
b.    Milk
c.    Chicken
d.    Broccoli

4.    Nurse Oliver checks for residual before administering a bolus tube feeding to a client with a nasogastric tube and obtains a residual amount of 150 mL. What is appropriate action for the nurse to take?
a.    Hold the feeding
b.    Reinstill the amount and continue with administering the feeding
c.    Elevate the client’s head at least 45 degrees and administer the feeding
d.    Discard the residual amount and proceed with administering the feeding

5.    A nurse is inserting a nasogastric
tube in an adult male client. During the procedure, the client begins to cough and has difficulty breathing. Which of the following is the appropriate nursing action?
a.    Quickly insert the tube
b.    Notify the physician immediately
c.    Remove the tube and reinsert when the respiratory distress subsides
d.    Pull back on the tube and wait until the respiratory distress subsides

6.    Nurse Ryan is assessing for correct placement of a nosogartric tube. The nurse aspirates the stomach contents and check the contents for pH. The nurse verifies correct tube placement if which pH value is noted?
a.    3.5
b.    7.0
c.    7.35
d.    7.5

7.    A nurse is preparing to remove a nasogartric tube from a female client. The nurse should instruct the client to do which of the following just before the nurse removes the tube?
a.    Exhale
b.    Inhale and exhale quickly
c.    Take and hold a deep breath
d.    Perform a Valsalva maneuver

8.    Nurse Joy is preparing to administer medication through a nasogastric tube that is connected to suction. To administer the medication, the nurse would:
a.    Position the client supine to assist in medication absorption
b.    Aspirate the nasogastric tube after medication administration to maintain patency
c.    Clamp the nasogastric tube for 30 minutes following administration of the medication
d.    Change the suction setting to low intermittent suction for 30 minutes after medication  administration

9.    A nurse is preparing to care for a female client with esophageal varices who has just has a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube inserted. The nurse gathers supplies, knowing that which of the following items must be kept at the bedside at all times?
a.    An obturator
b.    Kelly clamp
c.    An irrigation set
d.    A pair of scissors

10.    Dr. Smith has determined that the client with hepatitis has contracted the infection form contaminated food. The nurse understands that this client is most likely experiencing what type of hepatitis?
a.    Hepatitis A
b.    Hepatitis B
c.    Hepatitis C
d.    Hepatitis D

11.    A client is suspected of having hepatitis. Which diagnostic test result will assist in confirming this diagnosis?
a.    Elevated hemoglobin level
b.    Elevated serum bilirubin level
c.    Elevated blood urea nitrogen level
d.    Decreased erythrocycle sedimentation rate

12.    The nurse is reviewing the physician’s orders written for a male client admitted to the hospital with acute pancreatitis. Which physician order should the nurse question if noted on the client’s chart?
a.    NPO status
b.    Nasogastric tube inserted
c.    Morphine sulfate for pain
d.    An anticholinergic medication

13.    A female client being seen in a physician’s office has just been scheduled for a barium swallow the next day. The nurse writes down which instruction for the client to follow before the test?
a.    Fast for 8 hours before the test
b.    Eat a regular supper and breakfast
c.    Continue to take all oral medications as scheduled
d.    Monitor own bowel movement pattern for constipation

14.    The nurse is performing an abdominal assessment and inspects the skin of the abdomen. The nurse performs which assessment technique next?
a.    Palpates the abdomen for size
b.    Palpates the liver at the right rib margin
c.    Listens to bowel sounds in all for quadrants
d.    Percusses the right lower abdominal quadrant

15.    Polyethylene glycol-electrlyte solution (GoLYTELY) is prescribed for the female client scheduled for a colonoscopy. The client begins to experience diarrhea following administration of the solution. What action by the nurse is appropriate?
a.    Start an IV infusion
b.    Administer an enema
c.    Cancel the diagnostic test
d.    Explain that diarrhea is expected

16.    The nurse is caring for a male client with a diagnosis of chronic gastritis. The nurse monitors the client knowing that this client is at risk for which vitamin deficiency?
a.    Vitamin A
b.    Vitamin B12
c.    Vitamin C
d.    Vitamin E

17.    The nurse is reviewing the medication record of a female client with acute gastritis. Which medication, if noted on the client’s record, would the nurse question?
a.    Digoxin (Lanoxin)
b.    Furosemide (Lasix)
c.    Indomethacin (Indocin)
d.    Propranolol hydrochloride (Inderal)

18.    The nurse is assessing a male client 24 hours following a cholecystectomy. The nurse noted that the T tube has drained 750 mL of green-brown drainage since the surgery. Which nursing intervention is appropriate?
a.    Clamp the T tube
b.    Irrigate the T tube
c.    Notify the physician
d.    Document the findings

19.    The nurse is monitoring a female client with a diagnosis of peptic ulcer. Which assessment findings would most likely indicate perforation of the ulcer?
a.    Bradycardia
b.    Numbness in the legs
c.    Nausea and vomiting
d.    A rigid, board-like abdomen

20.    A male client with a peptic ulcer is scheduled for a vagotomy and the client asks the nurse about the purpose of this procedure. Which response by the nurse best describes the purpose of a vagotomy?
a.    Halts stress reactions
b.    Heals the gastric mucosa
c.    Reduces the stimulus to acid secretions
d.    Decreases food absorption in the stomach

21.    The nurse is caring for a female client following a Billroth II procedure. Which postoperative order should the nurse question and verify?
a.    Leg exercises
b.    Early ambulation
c.    Irrigating the nasogastric tube
d.    Coughing and deep-breathing exercises

22.    The nurse is providing discharge instructions to a male client following gastrectomy and instructs the client to take which measure to assist in preventing dumping syndrome?
a.    Ambulate following a meal
b.    Eat high carbohydrate foods
c.    Limit the fluid taken with meal
d.    Sit in a high-Fowler’s position during meals

23.    The nurse is monitoring a female client for the early signs and symptoms of dumping syndrome. Which of the following indicate this occurrence?
a.    Sweating and pallor
b.    Bradycardia and indigestion
c.    Double vision and chest pain
d.    Abdominal cramping and pain

24.    The nurse is preparing a discharge teaching plan for the male client who had umbilical hernia repair. What should the nurse include in the plan?
a.    Irrigating the drain
b.    Avoiding coughing
c.    Maintaining bed rest
d.    Restricting pain medication

25.    The nurse is instructing the male client who has an inguinal hernia repair how to reduce postoperative swelling following the procedure. What should the nurse tell the client?
a.    Limit oral fluid
b.    Elevate the scrotum
c.    Apply heat to the abdomen
d.    Remain in a low-fiber diet

26.    The nurse is caring for a hospitalized female client with a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis. Which finding, if noted on assessment of the client, would the nurse report to the physician?
a.    Hypotension
b.    Bloody diarrhea
c.    Rebound tenderness
d.    A hemoglobin level of 12 mg/dL

27.    The nurse is caring for a male client postoperatively following creation of a colostomy. Which nursing diagnosis should the nurse include in the plan of care?
a.    Sexual dysfunction
b.    Body image, disturbed
c.    Fear related to poor prognosis
d.    Nutrition: more than body requirements, imbalanced

28.    The nurse is reviewing the record of a female client with Crohn’s disease. Which stool characteristics should the nurse expect to note documented in the client’s record?
a.    Diarrhea
b.    Chronic constipation
c.    Constipation alternating with diarrhea
d.    Stools constantly oozing form the rectum

29.    The nurse is performing a colostomy irrigation on a male client. During the irrigation, the client begins to complain of abdominal cramps. What is the appropriate nursing action?
a.    Notify the physician
b.    Stop the irrigation temporarily
c.    Increase the height of the irrigation
d.    Medicate for pain and resume the irrigation

30.    The nurse is teaching a female client how to perform a colostomy irrigation. To enhance the effectiveness of the irrigation and fecal returns, what measure should the nurse instruct the client to do?
a.    Increase fluid intake
b.    Place heat on the abdomen
c.    Perform the irrigation in the evening
d.    Reduce the amount of irrigation solution

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