NCLEX Sample Questions Pediatric Nursing Part 2

1.    The parents of a child, age 5, who will begin school in the fall ask the nurse for anticipatory guidance. The nurse should explain that a child of this age:
a.    Still depends on the parents
b.    Rebels against scheduled activities
c.    Is highly sensitive to criticism
d.    Loves to tattle

2.    While preparing to discharge an 8-month-old infant who is recovering from gastroenteritis and dehydration, the nurse teaches the parents about their infant’s dietary and fluid requirements. The nurse should include which other topic in the teaching session?
a.    Nursery schools
b.    Toilet Training
c.    Safety guidelines
d.    Preparation for surgery

3.    Nurse Betina should begin screening for lead poisoning when a child reaches which age?
a.    6 months
b.    12 months
c.    18 months
d.    24 months

4.    When caring for an 11-month-old infant with dehydration and metabolic acidosis, the nurse expects to see which of the following?
a.    A reduced white blood cell count
b.    A decreased platelet count
c.    Shallow respirations
d.    Tachypnea

5.    After the nurse provides dietary restrictions to the parents of a child with celiac disease, which statement by the parents indicates effective teaching?
a.    “Well follow these instructions until our child’s symptoms disappear.”
b.    “Our child must maintain these dietary restrictions until adulthood.”
c.    “Our child must maintain these dietary restrictions lifelong.”
d.    “We’ll follow these instructions until our child has completely grown and developed.”

6.    A parent brings a toddler, age 19 months, to the clinic for a regular check-up. When palpating the toddler’s fontanels, what should the nurse expects to find?
a.    Closed anterior fontanel and open posterior fontanel
b.    Open anterior and fontanel and closed posterior fontanel
c.    Closed anterior and posterior fontanels
d.    Open anterior and posterior fontanels

7.    Patrick, a healthy adolescent has meningitis and is receiving I.V. and oral fluids. The nurse should monitor this client’s fluid intake because fluid overload may cause:
a.    Cerebral edema
b.    Dehydration
c.    Heart failure
d.    Hypovolemic shock

8.    An infant is hospitalized for treatment of nonorganic failure to thrive. Which nursing action is most appropriate for this infant?
a.    Encouraging the infant to hold a bottle
b.    Keeping the infant on bed rest to conserve energy
c.    Rotating caregivers to provide more stimulation
d.    Maintaining a consistent, structured environment

9.    The mother of Gian, a preschooler with spina bifida tells the nurse that her daughter sneezes and gets a rash when playing with brightly colored balloons, and that she recently had an allergic reaction after eating kiwifruit and bananas. The nurse would suspect that the child may have an allergy to:
a.    Bananas
b.    Latex
c.    Kiwifruit
d.    Color dyes

10.    Cristina, a mother of a 4-year-old child tells the nurse that her child is a very poor eater. What’s the nurse’s best recommendation for helping the mother increase her child’s nutritional intake?
a.    Allow the child to feed herself
b.    Use specially designed dishes for children – for example, a plate with the child’s favorite cartoon character
c.    Only serve the child’s favorite foods
d.    Allow the child to eat at a small table and chair by herself

11.    Nurse Roy is administering total parental nutrition (TPN) through a peripheral I.V. line to a school-age child. What’s the smallest amount of glucose that’s considered safe and not caustic to small veins, while also providing adequate TPN?
a.    5% glucose
b.    10% glucose
c.    15% glucose
d.    17% glucose

12.    David, age 15 months, is recovering from surgery to remove Wilms’ tumor. Which findings best indicates that the child is free from pain?
a.    Decreased appetite
b.    Increased heart rate
c.    Decreased urine output
d.    Increased interest in play

13.    When planning care for a 8-year-old boy with Down syndrome, the nurse should:
a.    Plan interventions according to the developmental level of a 7-year-old child because that’s the child’s age
b.    Plan interventions according to the developmental levels of a 5-year-old because the child will have developmental delays
c.    Assess the child’s current developmental level and plan care accordingly
d.    Direct all teaching to the parents because the child can’t understand

14.    Nurse Victoria is teaching the parents of a school-age child. Which teaching topic should take priority?
a.    Prevent accidents
b.    Keeping a night light on to allay fears
c.    Explaining normalcy of fears about body integrity
d.    Encouraging the child to dress without help

15.    The nurse is finishing her shift on the pediatric unit. Because her shift is ending, which intervention takes top priority?
a.    Changing the linens on the clients’ beds
b.    Restocking the bedside supplies needed for a dressing change on the upcoming shift
c.    Documenting the care provided during her shift
d.    Emptying the trash cans in the assigned client room

16.    Nurse Alice is providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to a child, age 4. the nurse should:
a.    Compress the sternum with both hands at a depth of 1½ to 2” (4 to 5 cm)
b.    Deliver 12 breaths/minute
c.    Perform only two-person CPR
d.    Use the heel of one hand for sternal compressions

17.    A 4-month-old with meningococcal meningitis has just been admitted to the pediatric unit. Which nursing intervention has the highest priority?
a.    Instituting droplet precautions
b.    Administering acetaminophen (Tylenol)
c.    Obtaining history information from the parents
d.    Orienting the parents to the pediatric unit

18.    Sheena, tells the nurse that she wants to begin toilet training her 22-month-old child. The most important factor for the nurse to stress to the mother is:
a.    Developmental readiness of the child
b.    Consistency in approach
c.    The mother’s positive attitude
d.    Developmental level of the child’s peers

19.    An infant who has been in foster care since birth requires a blood transfusion. Who is authorized to give written, informed consent for the procedure?
a.    The foster mother
b.    The social worker who placed the infant in the foster home
c.    The registered nurse caring for the infant
d.    The nurse-manager

20.    A child is undergoing remission induction therapy to treat leukemia. Allopurinol is included in the regimen. The main reason for administering allopurinol as part of the client’s chemotherapy regimen is to:
a.    Prevent metabolic breakdown of xanthine to uric acid
b.    Prevent uric acid from precipitating in the ureters
c.    Enhance the production of uric acid to ensure adequate excretion of urine
d.    Ensure that the chemotherapy doesn’t adversely affect the bone marrow

21.    A 10-year-old client contracted severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) when traveling abroad with her parents. The nurse knows she must put on personal protective equipment to protect herself while providing care. Based on the mode of SARS transmission, which personal protective should the nurse wear?
a.    Gloves
b.    Gown and gloves
c.    Gown, gloves, and mask
d.    Gown, gloves, mask, and eye goggles or eye shield

22.    A tuberculosis intradermal skin test to detect tuberculosis infection is given to a high-risk adolescent. How long after the test is administered should the result be evaluated?
a.    Immediately
b.    Within 24 hours
c.    In 48 to 72 hours
d.    After 5 days

23.    Nurse Oliver s teaching a mother who plans to discontinue breast-feeding after 5 months. The nurse should advise her to include which foods in her infant’s diet?
a.    Iron-rich formula and baby food
b.    Whole milk and baby food
c.    Skim milk and baby food
d.    Iron-rich formula only

24.    Gracie, the mother of a 3-month-old infant calls the clinic and states that her child has a diaper rash. What should the nurse advise?
a.    “Switch to cloth diapers until the rash is gone”
b.    “Use baby wipes with each diaper change.”
c.    “Leave the diaper off while the infant sleeps.”
d.    “Offer extra fluids to the infant until the rash improves.”

25.    Nurse Kelly is teaching the parents of a young child how to handle poisoning. If the child ingests poison, what should the parents do first?
a.    Administer ipecac syrup
b.    Call an ambulance immediately
c.    Call the poison control center
d.    Punish the child for being bad

26.    A child has third-degree burns of the hands, face, and chest. Which nursing diagnosis takes priority?
a.    Ineffective airway clearance related to edema
b.    Disturbed body image related to physical appearance
c.    Impaired urinary elimination related to fluid loss
d.    Risk for infection related to epidermal disruption

27.    A 3-year-old child is receiving dextrose 5% in water and half-normal saline solution at 100 ml/hour. Which sign or symptom suggests excessive I.V. fluid intake?
a.    Worsening dyspnea
b.    Gastric distension
c.    Nausea and vomiting
d.    Temperature of 102°F (38.9° C)

28.    Which finding would alert a nurse that a hospitalized 6-year-old child is at risk for a severe asthma exacerbation?
a.    Oxygen saturation of 95%
b.    Mild work of breathing
c.    Absence of intercostals or substernal retractions
d.    History of steroid-dependent asthma

29.    Nurse Mariane is caring for an infant with spina bifida. Which technique is most important in recognizing possible hydrocephalus?
a.    Measuring head circumference
b.    Obtaining skull X-ray
c.    Performing a lumbar puncture
d.    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

30.    An adolescent who sustained a tibia fracture in a motor vehicle accident has a cast. What should the nurse do to help relieve the itching?
a.    Apply cool air under the cast with a blow-dryer
b.    Use sterile applicators to scratch the itch
c.    Apply cool water under the cast
d.    Apply hydrocortisone cream under the cast using sterile applicator.


Answers and Rationale will be posted soon…


Latest Comments
  1. sah tiemula

    i am preparing to take the CXC organized RENR and this site has been very useful in my preparation. My exams come up on April.2 in a few days. I am confident.Thank you

  2. joshna

    great help.thank u nclex

  3. jincy aby

    thank u verymuch

  4. mojgan ansari

    would you mind if i ask you please send for me pediatrice nursing questions . i am teaching children diseas in university.

  5. johnrey yanong

    hi i need more questions about growth and developnment

  6. anne

    hi my exam is on aug 23 i hope before my exam you can post lots of nclex q&a..great help

  7. aman

    thanx i need more questions on safty and infection control as well as drugs dose thanx for help once again

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