NCLEX Review: Oncology Questions Part 2

1.    Nina, an oncology nurse educator is speaking to a women’s group about breast cancer. Questions and comments from the audience reveal a misunderstanding of some aspects of the disease. Various members of the audience have made all of the following statements. Which one is accurate?
a.    Mammography is the most reliable method for detecting breast cancer.
b.    Breast cancer is the leading killer of women of childbearing age.
c.    Breast cancer requires a mastectomy.
d.    Men can develop breast cancer.

2.    Nurse Meredith is instructing a premenopausal woman about breast self-examination. The nurse should tell the client to do her self-examination:
a.    at the end of her menstrual cycle.
b.    on the same day each month.
c.    on the 1st day of the menstrual cycle.
d.    immediately after her menstrual period.

3.    Nurse Kent is teaching a male client to perform monthly testicular self-examinations. Which of the following points would be appropriate to make?
a.    Testicular cancer is a highly curable type of cancer.
b.    Testicular cancer is very difficult to diagnose.
c.    Testicular cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in males.
d.    Testicular cancer is more common in older men.

4.    Rhea, has malignant lymphoma. As part of her chemotherapy, the physician prescribes chlorambucil (Leukeran), 10 mg by mouth daily. When caring for the client, the nurse teaches her about adverse reactions to chlorambucil, such as alopecia. How soon after the first administration of chlorambucil might this reaction occur?
a.    Immediately
b.    1 week
c.    2 to 3 weeks
d.    1 month

5.    A male client is receiving the cell cycle–nonspecific alkylating agent thiotepa (Thioplex), 60 mg weekly for 4 weeks by bladder instillation as part of a chemotherapeutic regimen to treat bladder cancer. The client asks the nurse how the drug works. How does thiotepa exert its therapeutic effects?
a.    It interferes with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) replication only.
b.    It interferes with ribonucleic acid (RNA) transcription only.
c.    It interferes with DNA replication and RNA transcription.
d.    It destroys the cell membrane, causing lysis.

6.    The nurse is instructing the 35 year old client to perform a testicular self-examination. The nurse tells the client:
a.    To examine the testicles while lying down
b.    That the best time for the examination is after a shower
c.    To gently feel the testicle with one finger to feel for a growth
d.    That testicular self-examination should be done at least every 6 months

7.    A female client with cancer is receiving chemotherapy and develops thrombocytopenia. The nurse identifies which intervention as the highest priority in the nursing plan of care?
a.    Monitoring temperature
b.    Ambulation three times daily
c.    Monitoring the platelet count
d.    Monitoring for pathological fractures

8.    Gian, a community health nurse is instructing a group of female clients about breast self-examination. The nurse instructs the client to perform the examination:
a.    At the onset of menstruation
b.    Every month during ovulation
c.    Weekly at the same time of day
d.    1 week after menstruation begins

9.    Nurse Cecilia is caring for a client who has undergone a vaginal hysterectomy. The nurse avoids which of the following in the care of this client?
a.    Elevating the knee gatch on the bed
b.    Assisting with range-of-motion leg exercises
c.    Removal of antiembolism stockings twice daily
d.    Checking placement of pneumatic compression boots

10.    Mina, who is suspected of an ovarian tumor is scheduled for a pelvic ultrasound. The nurse provides which preprocedure instruction to the client?
a.    Eat a light breakfast only
b.    Maintain an NPO status before the procedure
c.    Wear comfortable clothing and shoes for the procedure
d.    Drink six to eight glasses of water without voiding before the test

11.    A male client is diagnosed as having a bowel tumor and several diagnostic tests are prescribed. The nurse understands that which test will confirm the diagnosis of malignancy?
a.    Biopsy of the tumor
b.    Abdominal ultrasound
c.    Magnetic resonance imaging
d.    Computerized tomography scan

12.    A female client diagnosed with multiple myeloma and the client asks the nurse about the diagnosis. The nurse bases the response on which description of this disorder?
a.    Altered red blood cell production
b.    Altered production of lymph nodes
c.    Malignant exacerbation in the number of leukocytes
d.    Malignant proliferation of plasma cells within the bone

13.     Nurse Bea is reviewing the laboratory results of a client diagnosed with multiple myeloma. Which of the following would the nurse expect to note specifically in this disorder?
a.    Increased calcium
b.    Increased white blood cells
c.    Decreased blood urea nitrogen level
d.    Decreased number of plasma cells in the bone marrow

14.    Vanessa, a community health nurse conducts a health promotion program regarding testicular cancer to community members. The nurse determines that further information needs to be provided if a community member states that which of the following is a sign of testicular cancer?
a.    Alopecia
b.    Back pain
c.    Painless testicular swelling
d.    Heavy sensation in the scrotum

15.    The male client is receiving external radiation to the neck for cancer of the larynx. The most likely side effect to be expected is:
a.    Dyspnea
b.    Diarrhea
c.    Sore throat
d.    Constipation

16.    Nurse Joy is caring for a client with an internal radiation implant. When caring for the client, the nurse should observe which of the following principles?
a.    Limit the time with the client to 1 hour per shift
b.    Do not allow pregnant women into the client’s room
c.    Remove the dosimeter badge when entering the client’s room
d.    Individuals younger than 16 years old may be allowed to go in the room as long as they are 6 feet away from the client

17.    A cervical radiation implant is placed in the client for treatment of cervical cancer. The nurse initiates what most appropriate activity order for this client?
a.    Bed rest
b.    Out of bed ad lib
c.    Out of bed in a chair only
d.    Ambulation to the bathroom only

18.    A female client is hospitalized for insertion of an internal cervical radiation implant. While giving care, the nurse finds the radiation implant in the bed. The initial action by the nurse is to:
a.    Call the physician
b.    Reinsert the implant into the vagina immediately
c.    Pick up the implant with gloved hands and flush it down the toilet
d.    Pick up the implant with long-handled forceps and place it in a lead container.

19.    The nurse is caring for a female client experiencing neutropenia as a result of chemotherapy and develops a plan of care for the client. The nurse plans to:
a.    Restrict all visitors
b.    Restrict fluid intake
c.    Teach the client and family about the need for hand hygiene
d.    Insert an indwelling urinary catheter to prevent skin breakdown

20.    The home health care nurse is caring for a male client with cancer and the client is complaining of acute pain. The appropriate nursing assessment of the client’s pain would include which of the following?
a.    The client’s pain rating
b.    Nonverbal cues from the client
c.    The nurse’s impression of the client’s pain
d.    Pain relief after appropriate nursing intervention

21.    Nurse Mickey is caring for a client who is postoperative following a pelvic exenteration and the physician changes the client’s diet from NPO status to clear liquids. The nurse makes which priority assessment before administering the diet?
a.    Bowel sounds
b.    Ability to ambulate
c.    Incision appearance
d.    Urine specific gravity

22.    A male client is admitted to the hospital with a suspected diagnosis of Hodgkin’s disease. Which assessment findings would the nurse expect to note specifically in the client?
a.    Fatigue
b.    Weakness
c.    Weight gain
d.    Enlarged lymph nodes

23.    During the admission assessment of a 35 year old client with advanced ovarian cancer, the nurse recognizes which symptom as typical of the disease?
a.    Diarrhea
b.    Hypermenorrhea
c.    Abdominal bleeding
d.    Abdominal distention

24.    Nurse Kate is reviewing the complications of colonization with a client who has microinvasive cervical cancer. Which complication, if identified by the client, indicates a need for further teaching?
a.    Infection
b.    Hemorrhage
c.    Cervical stenosis
d.    Ovarian perforation

25.    Mr. Miller has been diagnosed with bone cancer. You know this type of cancer is classified as:
a.    sarcoma.
b.    lymphoma.
c.    carcinoma.
d.    melanoma.

26.    Sarah, a hospice nurse visits a client dying of ovarian cancer. During the visit, the client expresses that “If I can just live long enough to attend my daughter’s graduation, I’ll be ready to die.” Which phrase of coping is this client experiencing?
a.    Anger
b.    Denial
c.    Bargaining
d.    Depression

27.    Nurse Farah is caring for a client following a mastectomy. Which assessment finding indicates that the client is experiencing a complication related to the surgery?
a.    Pain at the incisional site
b.    Arm edema on the operative side
c.    Sanguineous drainage in the Jackson-Pratt drain
d.    Complaints of decreased sensation near the operative site

28.    The nurse is admitting a male client with laryngeal cancer to the nursing unit. The nurse assesses for which most common risk factor for this type of cancer?
a.    Alcohol abuse
b.    Cigarette smoking
c.    Use of chewing tobacco
d.    Exposure to air pollutants

29.    The female client who has been receiving radiation therapy for bladder cancer tells the nurse that it feels as if she is voiding through the vagina. The nurse interprets that the client may be experiencing:
a.    Rupture of the bladder
b.    The development of a vesicovaginal fistula
c.    Extreme stress caused by the diagnosis of cancer
d.    Altered perineal sensation as a side effect of radiation therapy

30.    The client with leukemia is receiving busulfan (Myleran) and allopurinol (Zyloprim). The nurse tells the client that the purpose if the allopurinol is to prevent:
a.    Nausea
b.    Alopecia
c.    Vomiting
d.    Hyperuricemia

 

Answers and rationale will be posted soon…

More NCLEX questions coming up…

Latest Comments
  1. nursing studnet

    Where are the answers?!?

  2. skat_86

    ans. please

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